Vertigo is a type of dizziness where a patient feels like they are moving or spinning when they are sitting or standing still. Vertigo is caused by a malfunction in the inner ear and can cause nausea, vomiting and problems standing or walking. Transient vertigo can be caused by the common cold or flu or physical trauma to the head. Neurological issues can cause or differentiate types of vertigo:

Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the existence short periods of dizziness when a patient changes position. It is the most common type and cause of vertigo. Attributed to a mechanical malfunction in the inner ear and can be effectively treated with repositioning movements.

Vestibular migraine is a migraine headache accompanied by vertigo or dizziness. Meniere’s disease is the combination of vertigo with ringing in the ears, a feeling of pressure or fullness, severe nausea and subsequent hearing loss.

Vestibular neuritis is commonly a result of an ear infection or an upper respiratory infection. Also known as labyrinthitis, the inflammation and irritation in the inner ear interferes with the function of the inner ear and a patient loses their ability to keep their balance.