Brain/Spinal Cord Injury – Traumatic Brain Inury

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is defined (by the Brain Injury Association of America - www.biausa.org) as “an alteration in brain function, or other evidence of brain pathology, caused by an external force.”

A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) takes place when some form of trauma causes damage to the brain. It is a complex injury with a wide range of symptoms and disabilities. Our brain defines who we are as people, and therefore, the possible consequences of a TBI can greatly affect each and every aspect of our lives. No two brain injuries are alike, so each one must be treated uniquely. There are a number of ways someone can sustain Traumatic Brain Injury, including: falls; car accidents; and assaults. Symptoms vary a great deal, and may include the following: headache, dizziness, blurred vision, confusion, ringing ears, tired eyes, fatigue, trouble with memory, impaired cognitive skills, reduced thinking skills, nausea, depression, anxiety, mood swings, problems with balance, irritability and more.

Immediately following a TBI, it is imperative that you get to the hospital right away. Doctors must be able to quickly assess your injury, and may need to relieve intracranial pressure caused by excess brain fluid in the skull.

A Traumatic Brain Injury can result in lifelong impairment and the need for physical and speech therapy, as well as medication, counseling, wheelchair and communication tools.

Source: www.biausa.org